Outils de la ligne de commande QCAD

Traduction automatique

Chaque installation de QCAD Professional comprend des outils en ligne de commande qui permettent la conversion par lots des fichiers de dessin CAO.

Contenu

 

Notes de la plate-forme

Windows

Sous Windows, ces utilitaires sont inclus sous forme de fichiers batch (.bat) dans le répertoire d'installation de QCAD.

macOS

Sous macOS, vous pouvez trouver les utilitaires sous forme de scripts shell à l'intérieur du paquet d'applications sous

QCAD-Pro.app/Contents/Resources

Linux

Sous les systèmes Linux, les utilitaires sont également inclus sous forme de scripts shell dans le répertoire d'installation de QCAD.

dwginfo

(également dxfinfo)

dwginfo répertorie les informations d'un fichier DXF/DWG. Actuellement, il peut lister toutes les couches, tous les blocs ou le nombre total d'entités du fichier.

Usage: ./dwginfo [OPTION]... <drawing file>

Exracts various information from a DXF/DWG file.

  -h, -help               Display this help
  -b, -blocklist          List all block names
  -l, -layerlist          List all layer names
  -e, -entities           Output number of entities in file

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2bmp

(également dwg2png, dwg2jpeg, dwg2tiff, dxf2png, dxf2jpeg, dxf2tiff, ...)

dwg2bmp convertit un fichier DXF ou DWG en un fichier bitmap. Les formats de sortie pris en charge sont les suivants : BMP, ICO, JPEG, PNG, PPM, TIFF, XBM, XPM.

Le nombre maximum d'octets pour les données d'image brutes est de 2'147'483'647 octets. Avec quatre octets par pixel (ARGB), la taille maximale du fichier de sortie est de 536'870'911 pixels, soit par exemple 23'170x23'170 pixels.

Usage: ./dwg2bmp [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) to a bitmap file (BMP, PNG, ...).

  -a, -antialiasing       Enable antialiasing
  -b, -background=C       Set the background color as color name
                          e.g. 'white' or '#ccdd00'.
      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
  -c, -color-correction   Enable color correction to prevent white on white
                          or black on black painting
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
      -no-weight-margin   Don't add additional margin to compensate for
                          lineweight
  -k, -grayscale          Grayscale
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
  -l, -list               List supported formats
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -m, -margin=M           Set auto zoom margin to M (in pixels)
  -n, -monochrome         Monochrome (black / white)
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
                          Default is same path and base name as input file
  -q, -quality=Q          Set the image quality / compression
                          (0=best compression..100=best quality)
  -r, -resolution=R       Set rendering resolution to R
                          (in pixels/drawing unit)
                          This overrides the width/height parameters.
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -w, -window=X,Y,W,H     Zoom to given window
  -x, -width=W            Set bitmap width to W (in pixels)
  -y, -height=H           Set bitmap height to H (in pixels)
                          The maximum size for width*height is 536870911 pixels
      -zoom-all           Auto zoom to maximum extends of all layers
  -p, -origin             Draw zero point (origin)

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2svg

(également dxf2svg)

dwg2svg convertit un fichier DXF ou DWG en un fichier SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Le fichier de sortie peut être optimisé pour avoir exactement la même apparence que le fichier de dessin (par défaut) ou pour transférer autant de géométrie que possible (argument de la ligne de commande -g).

Usage: ./dwg2svg [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) file to an SVG file.

  -a, -adjust             Adjust page size to include thickest line weight
  -b, -bottom=MB          Set page margin at bottom to MB
      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
  -c, -circle=CR          Export points as circles with radius CR
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
      -decimals=D         Decimal places for float values (defaults to 4)
  -e, -equal-margins=M    Set all page margins to M
                          -l, -r, -t and -b are ignored
      -embed-images       Embed images (bitmaps)
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -g, -preserve-geometry  Preserve as much of the original geometry as possible
                          Default is identical rendering
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -i, -inkscape           Generate additional information for Inkscape
  -l, -left=ML            Set page margin at left to ML
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
      -layer-attribute    Export layer attributes into QCAD SVG namespace
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -n, -no-comments        Suppress comments for DXF entities
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
                          Default is same path and base name as input file
  -p, -open               Open the converted file after conversion
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -r, -right=MR           Set page margin at right to MR
  -s, -scale=SF           Set scale factor to SF
  -t, -top=MT             Set page margin at top to MT
  -w, -min-lineweight=LW  Set minimum line weight to LW drawing units
                          Defaults to 0.001 since 0 in SVG means invisible
  -x, -cross=CS           Export points as crosses with size CS

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

Points:    If neither -c nor -x is given, points are not exported.
SVG Units: SVG only supports the following CAD units: mm, cm, in.
           - Unsupported Metric drawing units are converted to Millimeters.
           - Unsupported Imperial drawing units are converted to Inches.
           Use -s to scale and avoid large values.
Margins:   Margin values have to be specified in the (converted) SVG unit.

Examples:
Adjust page, set all margins to 1.5, export points as circles with radius 0.5:
./dwg2svg -a -e 1.5 -c 0.5 file.dwg

Set scale factor to '1:200':
./dwg2svg -s 1:200 file.dwg

dwg2pdf

(également dxf2pdf)

dwg2pdf convertit un fichier DXF ou DWG en un fichier PDF.

Usage: ./dwg2pdf [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) to a PDF file.

  -a, -auto-fit           Auto fit and center drawing to paper
      -auto-orientation   Auto paper orientation (landscape or portrait)
                          based on document bounding box
      -block=BLOCK_NAMES  Comma-separated list of block(s) or 
                          layout(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
                          List defines order of export unless
                          -block-sort is used
                          A block may be exported more than once
                          unless -block-unique is used
      -block-sort         Sort blocks in natural order
                          Layouts are sorted by tab order
                          and exported before blocks
                          Blocks are ordered alphanumerically
      -block-unique       Export every matching block only once
  -c, -center             Auto center drawing on paper
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
  -e, -papers             List all supported paper size names
      -point-size=SIZE    Set size of points in mm
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -k, -grayscale          Grayscale
  -l, -landscape          Landscape (default is portrait)
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
      -list-printers      List all available printers
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -m, -margin=M           Set paper margins to M
  -n, -monochrome         Monochrome (black / white)
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
                          default is same path and base name as input file
      -offset=X,Y         Set offset to X,Y in drawing units
                          ('3,4', '7/2,1/4', '0.5,-1.5', ...)
  -p, -paper=WxH          Set paper size to W x H in mm or to named paper size
                          ('A4', 'Letter', ...)
      -pdf-version=VER    Specify PDF version to
                          '1.4' (default) for PDF 1.4
                          '1.6' for PDF 1.6
                          'A' or 'A-1B' or 'A1B' for PDF/A-1B
      -printer=PRINTER    Print directly to PRINTER or default printer
                          if no printer given
      -rows=ROWS          Set number of paper rows to ROWS
  -s, -scale=SCALE        Set drawing scale to given scale
                          ('1', '2', '0.5', '1:1', '1:5', '5:1', ...)
      -cols=COLS          Set number of paper columns to COLS
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -w, -min-lineweight=LW  Set minimum line weight on paper to LW Millimeter
      -max-lineweight=LW  Set maximum line weight on paper to LW Millimeter

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwgmapconvert

(également dxfmapconvert)

dwgmapconvert convertit un dessin d'un système de coordonnées cartographiques (CRS) à un autre, par exemple d'un CRS local à Web Mercator (EPSG:3857). Veuillez également vous référer à notre tutoriel sur les tuiles de la carte.

Usage: ./dwgmapconvert [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) from one CRS to another.
Typically used to convert the coordinate system before running
dwg2maptiles.

      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
      -crs-in=CRS         Data is in given coordinate reference system (CRS)
      -crs-out=CRS        Transform to given coordinate reference system (CRS)
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
      -retain-texts       Retain (don't segmentate) text labels
      -segment-length=L   Segmentate all entities with segment length L
      -simplify           Simplify after segmentation
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
  -r, -release=RELEASE    Set output DXF/DWG release to RELEASE.
                          Defaults to R27.
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2maptiles

(également dxf2maptiles)

dwg2maptiles crée de manière entièrement automatique des ensembles de tuiles à utiliser dans les cartes en ligne. La structure du répertoire / fichier généré suit la norme bien établie de (z/x/y.png). Le nombre de niveaux de zoom (z) est réglable. Ces tuiles de carte peuvent être utilisées pour créer des cartes interactives pour le web, par exemple en utilisant leaflet.js. Veuillez également vous référer à notre tutoriel sur les tuiles de la carte.

Usage: ./dwg2maptiles [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) to a set of 
bitmap files (PNG, JPEG, ...) for use with online maps, e.g. leaflet.js.

  -a, -antialiasing       Enable antialiasing
      -skip-empty         Skip empty tiles
  -b, -background=C       Set the background color as color name
                          e.g. 'white', '#ccdd00' or 'transparent'
      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
  -c, -color-correction   Enable color correction to prevent white on white
                          or black on black painting
      -center=X,Y         Set center of first tile to X,Y in drawing units
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
      -tile-markers       Add tile markers (for testing, debugging)
  -e, -tile=ROW,COL       Generate only tile at ROW,COL
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -k, -grayscale          Grayscale
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
  -l, -list               List supported formats
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -m, -margin=M           Set auto zoom margin to M (in percent)
                          Default is 10%
      -tms                Y=0 is at the bottom (typically used for TMS,
                          default is Y=0 at the top for WMS)
  -n, -monochrome         Monochrome (black / white)
  -o, -outdir=DIR         Set output dir to DIR
                          default is same path and base name as input file
      -hq-postfix=P       Generate high-res tiles (512px) in addition to 
                          256px tiles and use the given postfix for the 
                          high-res output files, e.g. '@2x' for '[email protected]'
  -q, -quality=Q          Set the image quality / compression
                          (0=best compression..100=best quality)
  -r, -resolution=R       Set rendering resolution of first tile to R
                          (in pixels/drawing unit)
                          This overrides the width/height parameters
  -s, -subsection=N,M     Generate subsection N of M
                          Examples:
                          1,4: generate first of four subsections
                          4,4: generate fourth of four subsections
                          7,8: generate seventh of eight subsections
  -t, -format             File format (png, jpeg, gif)
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -x, -width=W            Set bitmap width to W (in pixels)
  -y, -height=H           Set bitmap height to H (in pixels)
      -opacity=O          Make all tiles (semi-)transparent using the given opacity
                          0.0: transparent
                          1.0: opaque
  -p, -origin             Draw zero point (origin)
      -web-mercator       Input is in Web Mercator coordinates, 
                          from example from dwgmapconvert
  -z, -zoomlevels         Number or range of zoom levels, defaults to 0-6
                          Examples:
                              5: zoom levels 0,1,2,3,4,5
                            3-5: zoom levels 3,4,5
                          1,3,5: zoom levels 1,3,5
                            3-3: zoom level 3 only

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2dwg

(également dwg2dxf, dxf2dwg)

dwg2dwg lit et écrit des fichiers DXF ou DWG et produit des fichiers DXF ou DWG. Plusieurs paramètres ainsi que la version du format de fichier peuvent être modifiés.

Usage: ./dwg2dwg [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) file from one version to another.

  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -l, -list               List supported releases
  -n, -setdimfont=FONT    Set the dimension font to the given font
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
                          Default is same path and base name as input file
  -r, -release=RELEASE    Set output DXF/DWG release to RELEASE
  -s, -set=VARIABLE:VALUE Set the given known variable to the given value
                          For example -s DIMASZ:2.5
                          DXF header variables that can be changed are
                          (among others):
                          DIMADEC:  Angular dimension label precision (0-8)
                          DIMASZ:   Dimension arrow size
                          DIMAUNIT: Angular dimension label format
                                    0: decimal degrees
                                    1: deg/min/sec
                                    2: gradians
                                    3: radians
                                    4: surveyors
                          DIMAZIN:  Trailing zeroes for angular dimensions
                                    (0: on, 2: off)
                          DIMDEC:   Set linear dimension label precision (0-8)
                          DIMDLI:   Dimension line increment
                          DIMEXE:   Extension line extension
                          DIMEXO:   Extension line offset
                          DIMGAP:   Dimension line gap
                          DIMLUNIT: Set linear dimension label format
                                    1: scientific
                                    2: decimal
                                    3: engineering
                                    4: architectural
                                    5: fractional
                          DIMTSZ:   Dimension arch tick size (0 for arrow)
                          DIMTXT:   Dimension text height
                          DIMZIN:   Trailing zeroes (0: on, 8: off)
  -t, -substitute=FONT1:FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2 in all texts

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwghatch

(également dxfhatch)

dwghatch crée un remplissage en utilisant comme limite tous les chemins fermés dans le fichier de dessin donné. Les contours contenus dans d'autres contours sont considérés comme des îles.

Usage: ./dwghatch [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Fill all fillable (closed) boundaries of the given drawing
file (DXF, DWG) with a solid fill hatch.

  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -o FILE, -output=FILE   Set CAD output file to FILE

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

merge

merge est un outil puissant pour fusionner plusieurs fichiers de dessin (DXF, DWG, ...) en un seul. Chaque dessin peut être positionné individuellement, tourné, mis à l'échelle et retourné horizontalement ou verticalement. Un des paramètres lors de l'appel à la fusion est un fichier XML qui définit quels dessins sont insérés et où, sous quel angle, etc.

La balise d'insertion peut être répétée pour insérer le même dessin plusieurs fois avec des paramètres différents.

Usage: ./merge [OPTIONS]... <XML config file>

Merges multiple drawing files (DWG, DXF, ...) into one.

  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -t TYPE, -type=TYPE     Set file type to TYPE 
                          (e.g. R12...R27 or 2000...2013)
  -o FILE, -outfile=FILE  Set output file to FILE
                          default is same path and base name as input file

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

XML format:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<merge xmlns="http://qcad.org/merge/elements/1.0/" unit="Millimeter">
    <item src="/file1.dxf">
        <insert x="10" y="0" angle="30" flipx="false" flipy="false" />
    </item>
</merge>

bbox

bbox produit la boîte englobante (étendue et taille minimales et maximales) d'un dessin dans le format :

Min: x/y
Max: x/y
Size: largeur/hauteur

Usage: ./bbox <drawing file>

Prints the minimum, maximum and size of the given drawing.

  -h, -help               Display this help

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.