QCAD Kommandozeilenwerkzeuge

Jede QCAD Professional Installation enthält einige Befehlszeilenwerkzeuge für das Automatisieren von CAD Konvertierungen und die Erstellung von Kartendaten.

Inhalt

 

Hinweise zu verschiedenen Plattformen

Windows

Unter Windows sind diese Hilfsprogramme als Batch Dateien (.bat) im Installationsverzeichnis von QCAD enthalten.

macOS

Unter macOS finden Sie die Hilfsprogramme als Shell-Skripte innerhalb des Anwendungs-Bundles unter:

QCAD-Pro.app/Contents/Resources

Linux

Unter Linux Systemen sind die Hilfsprogramme als Shell-Skripte im Installationsverzeichnis von QCAD enthalten.

dwginfo

(auch dxfinfo)

dwginfo listet Informationen aus einer DXF/DWG-Datei auf. Derzeit kann es alle Layer, Blöcke oder die Gesamtzahl der Objekte in der Datei auflisten.

Usage: ./dwginfo [OPTION]... <drawing file>

Exracts various information from a DXF/DWG file.

  -h, -help               Display this help
  -b, -blocklist          List all block names
  -l, -layerlist          List all layer names
  -e, -entities           Output number of entities in file

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2bmp

(auch dwg2png, dwg2jpeg, dwg2tiff, dxf2png, dxf2jpeg, dxf2tiff, ...)

dwg2bmp konvertiert eine DXF- oder DWG-Datei in eine Bitmap-Datei. Unterstützte Ausgabeformate sind: BMP, ICO, JPEG, PNG, PPM, TIFF, XBM, XPM.

Die maximale Anzahl von Bytes für die Rohbilddaten beträgt 2'147'483'647 Bytes. Bei vier Bytes pro Pixel (ARGB) beträgt die maximale Größe für die Ausgabedatei 536'870'911 Pixel, oder zum Beispiel 23'170x23'170 Pixel.

Usage: ./dwg2bmp [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) to a bitmap file (BMP, PNG, ...).

  -a, -antialiasing       Enable antialiasing
  -b, -background=C       Set the background color as color name
                          e.g. 'white' or '#ccdd00'.
      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
  -c, -color-correction   Enable color correction to prevent white on white
                          or black on black painting
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
      -no-weight-margin   Don't add additional margin to compensate for
                          lineweight
  -k, -grayscale          Grayscale
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
  -l, -list               List supported formats
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -m, -margin=M           Set auto zoom margin to M (in pixels)
  -n, -monochrome         Monochrome (black / white)
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
                          Default is same path and base name as input file
  -q, -quality=Q          Set the image quality / compression
                          (0=best compression..100=best quality)
  -r, -resolution=R       Set rendering resolution to R
                          (in pixels/drawing unit)
                          This overrides the width/height parameters.
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -w, -window=X,Y,W,H     Zoom to given window
  -x, -width=W            Set bitmap width to W (in pixels)
  -y, -height=H           Set bitmap height to H (in pixels)
                          The maximum size for width*height is 536870911 pixels
      -zoom-all           Auto zoom to maximum extends of all layers
  -p, -origin             Draw zero point (origin)

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2svg

(auch dxf2svg)

dwg2svg konvertiert eine DXF- oder DWG-Datei in eine SVG-Datei (Scalable Vector Graphics). Die Ausgabedatei kann so optimiert werden, dass sie möglichst genau so aussieht wie die Zeichnungsdatei (Voreinstellung) oder dass ein möglichst grosser Teil der Geometrie übertragen wird (Schalter -g).

Usage: ./dwg2svg [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) file to an SVG file.

  -a, -adjust             Adjust page size to include thickest line weight
  -b, -bottom=MB          Set page margin at bottom to MB
      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
  -c, -circle=CR          Export points as circles with radius CR
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
      -decimals=D         Decimal places for float values (defaults to 4)
  -e, -equal-margins=M    Set all page margins to M
                          -l, -r, -t and -b are ignored
      -embed-images       Embed images (bitmaps)
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -g, -preserve-geometry  Preserve as much of the original geometry as possible
                          Default is identical rendering
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -i, -inkscape           Generate additional information for Inkscape
  -l, -left=ML            Set page margin at left to ML
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
      -layer-attribute    Export layer attributes into QCAD SVG namespace
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -n, -no-comments        Suppress comments for DXF entities
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
                          Default is same path and base name as input file
  -p, -open               Open the converted file after conversion
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -r, -right=MR           Set page margin at right to MR
  -s, -scale=SF           Set scale factor to SF
  -t, -top=MT             Set page margin at top to MT
  -w, -min-lineweight=LW  Set minimum line weight to LW drawing units
                          Defaults to 0.001 since 0 in SVG means invisible
  -x, -cross=CS           Export points as crosses with size CS

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

Points:    If neither -c nor -x is given, points are not exported.
SVG Units: SVG only supports the following CAD units: mm, cm, in.
           - Unsupported Metric drawing units are converted to Millimeters.
           - Unsupported Imperial drawing units are converted to Inches.
           Use -s to scale and avoid large values.
Margins:   Margin values have to be specified in the (converted) SVG unit.

Examples:
Adjust page, set all margins to 1.5, export points as circles with radius 0.5:
./dwg2svg -a -e 1.5 -c 0.5 file.dwg

Set scale factor to '1:200':
./dwg2svg -s 1:200 file.dwg

dwg2pdf

(auch dxf2pdf)

dwg2pdf konvertiert eine DXF- oder DWG-Datei in eine PDF-Datei.

Usage: ./dwg2pdf [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) to a PDF file.

  -a, -auto-fit           Auto fit and center drawing to paper
      -auto-orientation   Auto paper orientation (landscape or portrait)
                          based on document bounding box
      -block=BLOCK_NAMES  Comma-separated list of block(s) or 
                          layout(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
                          List defines order of export unless
                          -block-sort is used
                          A block may be exported more than once
                          unless -block-unique is used
      -block-sort         Sort blocks in natural order
                          Layouts are sorted by tab order
                          and exported before blocks
                          Blocks are ordered alphanumerically
      -block-unique       Export every matching block only once
  -c, -center             Auto center drawing on paper
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
  -e, -papers             List all supported paper size names
      -point-size=SIZE    Set size of points in mm
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -k, -grayscale          Grayscale
  -l, -landscape          Landscape (default is portrait)
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
      -list-printers      List all available printers
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -m, -margin=M           Set paper margins to M
  -n, -monochrome         Monochrome (black / white)
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
                          default is same path and base name as input file
      -offset=X,Y         Set offset to X,Y in drawing units
                          ('3,4', '7/2,1/4', '0.5,-1.5', ...)
  -p, -paper=WxH          Set paper size to W x H in mm or to named paper size
                          ('A4', 'Letter', ...)
      -pdf-version=VER    Specify PDF version to
                          '1.4' (default) for PDF 1.4
                          '1.6' for PDF 1.6
                          'A' or 'A-1B' or 'A1B' for PDF/A-1B
      -printer=PRINTER    Print directly to PRINTER or default printer
                          if no printer given
      -rows=ROWS          Set number of paper rows to ROWS
  -s, -scale=SCALE        Set drawing scale to given scale
                          ('1', '2', '0.5', '1:1', '1:5', '5:1', ...)
      -cols=COLS          Set number of paper columns to COLS
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -w, -min-lineweight=LW  Set minimum line weight on paper to LW Millimeter
      -max-lineweight=LW  Set maximum line weight on paper to LW Millimeter

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwgmapconvert

(auch dxfmapconvert)

dwgmapconvert konvertiert Zeichnungen von einem Kartenkoordinatensystem (CRS) in ein anderes, z.B. von einem lokalen CRS in den Web Mercator (EPSG:3857). Bitte beachten Sie auch unser Kartentutorial.

Usage: ./dwgmapconvert [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) from one CRS to another.
Typically used to convert the coordinate system before running
dwg2maptiles.

      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
      -crs-in=CRS         Data is in given coordinate reference system (CRS)
      -crs-out=CRS        Transform to given coordinate reference system (CRS)
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
      -retain-texts       Retain (don't segmentate) text labels
      -segment-length=L   Segmentate all entities with segment length L
      -simplify           Simplify after segmentation
  -o, -outfile=FILE       Set output file to FILE
  -r, -release=RELEASE    Set output DXF/DWG release to RELEASE.
                          Defaults to R27.
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2maptiles

(auch dxf2maptiles)

dwg2maptiles erstellt vollautomatisch Kachelsätze zur Verwendung in Online-Karten. Die generierte Verzeichnis-/Dateistruktur folgt dem etablierten Standard von (z/x/y.png). Die Anzahl der Zoomstufen (z) ist einstellbar. Solche Kartenkacheln können verwendet werden, um interaktive Karten für das Web zu erstellen, z.B. mit leaflet.js. Bitte beachten Sie auch unser Kartentutorial.

Usage: ./dwg2maptiles [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) to a set of 
bitmap files (PNG, JPEG, ...) for use with online maps, e.g. leaflet.js.

  -a, -antialiasing       Enable antialiasing
      -skip-empty         Skip empty tiles
  -b, -background=C       Set the background color as color name
                          e.g. 'white', '#ccdd00' or 'transparent'
      -block=BLOCK_NAME   Name of block (or layout) to output 
                          (defaults to *Model_Space)
  -c, -color-correction   Enable color correction to prevent white on white
                          or black on black painting
      -center=X,Y         Set center of first tile to X,Y in drawing units
  -d, -recompute-dim      Recompute dimension blocks if empty
                          (dimensions rendered with best compatibility)
      -tile-markers       Add tile markers (for testing, debugging)
  -e, -tile=ROW,COL       Generate only tile at ROW,COL
  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
      -flat               Flatten to 2D (Z==0)
  -fs, -font-substitution FONT1 FONT2
                          Substitute FONT1 with FONT2
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -k, -grayscale          Grayscale
      -layer=LAYER_NAMES  Comma-separated list of layer(s) to export
                          List may include regular expressions
  -l, -list               List supported formats
      -ltscale=FACTOR     Set linetype scale to FACTOR
  -m, -margin=M           Set auto zoom margin to M (in percent)
                          Default is 10%
      -tms                Y=0 is at the bottom (typically used for TMS,
                          default is Y=0 at the top for WMS)
  -n, -monochrome         Monochrome (black / white)
  -o, -outdir=DIR         Set output dir to DIR
                          default is same path and base name as input file
      -hq-postfix=P       Generate high-res tiles (512px) in addition to 
                          256px tiles and use the given postfix for the 
                          high-res output files, e.g. '@2x' for '[email protected]'
  -q, -quality=Q          Set the image quality / compression
                          (0=best compression..100=best quality)
  -r, -resolution=R       Set rendering resolution of first tile to R
                          (in pixels/drawing unit)
                          This overrides the width/height parameters
  -s, -subsection=N,M     Generate subsection N of M
                          Examples:
                          1,4: generate first of four subsections
                          4,4: generate fourth of four subsections
                          7,8: generate seventh of eight subsections
  -t, -format             File format (png, jpeg, gif)
  -u, -unit=[in|m|mm]     Assume input data to be in given unit
                          Default is the drawing unit
                          Mainly useful for drawings with unit 'None'
  -x, -width=W            Set bitmap width to W (in pixels)
  -y, -height=H           Set bitmap height to H (in pixels)
      -opacity=O          Make all tiles (semi-)transparent using the given opacity
                          0.0: transparent
                          1.0: opaque
  -p, -origin             Draw zero point (origin)
      -web-mercator       Input is in Web Mercator coordinates, 
                          from example from dwgmapconvert
  -z, -zoomlevels         Number or range of zoom levels, defaults to 0-6
                          Examples:
                              5: zoom levels 0,1,2,3,4,5
                            3-5: zoom levels 3,4,5
                          1,3,5: zoom levels 1,3,5
                            3-3: zoom level 3 only

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

dwg2dwg

(auch dwg2dxf, dxf2dwg)

dwg2dwg liest und schreibt DXF- oder DWG-Dateien und gibt DXF- oder DWG-Dateien aus. Verschiedene Einstellungen sowie die Dateiformatversion können geändert werden.

Usage: ./dwg2dwg [OPTIONS]... <drawing file> Converts a drawing file (DWG, DXF, ...) file from one version to another. -f, -force Overwrite existing output file -h, -help Display this help -l, -list List supported releases -n, -setdimfont=FONT Set the dimension font to the given font -o, -outfile=FILE Set output file to FILE Default is same path and base name as input file -r, -release=RELEASE Set output DXF/DWG release to RELEASE -s, -set=VARIABLE:VALUE Set the given known variable to the given value For example -s DIMASZ:2.5 DXF header variables that can be changed are (among others): DIMADEC: Angular dimension label precision (0-8) DIMASZ: Dimension arrow size DIMAUNIT: Angular dimension label format 0: decimal degrees 1: deg/min/sec 2: gradians 3: radians 4: surveyors DIMAZIN: Trailing zeroes for angular dimensions (0: on, 2: off) DIMDEC: Set linear dimension label precision (0-8) DIMDLI: Dimension line increment DIMEXE: Extension line extension DIMEXO: Extension line offset DIMGAP: Dimension line gap DIMLUNIT: Set linear dimension label format 1: scientific 2: decimal 3: engineering 4: architectural 5: fractional DIMTSZ: Dimension arch tick size (0 for arrow) DIMTXT: Dimension text height DIMZIN: Trailing zeroes (0: on, 8: off) -t, -substitute=FONT1:FONT2 Substitute FONT1 with FONT2 in all texts macOS specific options: -no-dock-icon Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used in combination with -no-gui.

dwghatch

(auch dxfhatch)

dwghatch erzeugt eine Füllung (Schraffur mit Muster "SOLID"), die alle geschlossenen Pfade in der gegebenen Zeichnung als Umrandung verwendet. Konturen, die in anderen Konturen enthalten sind, werden als Inseln betrachtet.

Usage: ./dwghatch [OPTIONS]... <drawing file>

Fill all fillable (closed) boundaries of the given drawing
file (DXF, DWG) with a solid fill hatch.

  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -o FILE, -output=FILE   Set CAD output file to FILE

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

merge

merge ist ein leistungsstarkes Werkzeug, um mehrere Zeichnungsdateien (DXF, DWG, ...) zu einer einzigen zusammenzuführen. Jede Zeichnung kann individuell positioniert, gedreht, skaliert und horizontal oder vertikal gespiegelt werden. Einer der Parameter beim Aufruf von merge ist eine XML-Datei, die definiert, welche Zeichnungen wo, in welchem Winkel usw. eingefügt werden.

Das Insert-Tag kann wiederholt werden, um die gleiche Zeichnung mehrmals mit unterschiedlichen Parametern einzufügen.

Usage: ./merge [OPTIONS]... <XML config file>

Merges multiple drawing files (DWG, DXF, ...) into one.

  -f, -force              Overwrite existing output file
  -h, -help               Display this help
  -t TYPE, -type=TYPE     Set file type to TYPE 
                          (e.g. R12...R27 or 2000...2013)
  -o FILE, -outfile=FILE  Set output file to FILE
                          default is same path and base name as input file

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.

XML format:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<merge xmlns="http://qcad.org/merge/elements/1.0/" unit="Millimeter">
    <item src="/file1.dxf">
        <insert x="10" y="0" angle="30" flipx="false" flipy="false" />
    </item>
</merge>

bbox

bbox gibt den Begrenzungskasten (minimale und maximale Ausdehnung und Grösse) einer Zeichnung in diesem Format aus:

Min: x/y
Max: x/y
Size: Breite/Höhe

Usage: ./bbox <drawing file>

Prints the minimum, maximum and size of the given drawing.

  -h, -help               Display this help

macOS specific options:

  -no-dock-icon           Don't show icon in dock. This should only be used
                          in combination with -no-gui.